Rodgers attended Berkeley High School in St. Louis, Missouri where he ran varsity track and played varsity basketball for the Bulldogs. Later attended Lindenwood University and Oklahoma Baptist University where he was a 10-time NAIA national champion from 2005-2007. Rodgers still holds the NAIA Indoor 60m record with a 6.65.
The start of the 2009 outdoor season saw Rodgers improve his 100 and 200 meter personal bests: at the Grande Prêmio Brasil Caixa meet in May he recorded times of 10.01 and 20.24 seconds respectively. He further improved his 100 m best in June at the Prefontaine Classic, breaking the 10-second barrier for the first time with a world-leading performance of 9.94 seconds.
Rodgers qualified for his first World Championships in Athletics with a win at the 2009 US Championships in June. Of his first outdoor national victory he said: “This is my year. I came here with a lot of confidence. I think I can medal in Berlin if I work hard and stay humble.” He reached the semi-finals at the 2009 World Championships, finishing fifth and just missing out on a place in the 100 m final. He closed the season with a fourth-place finish at the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Final.
The following year he turned to the 60 m at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships and took the silver medal behind Dwain Chambers with a run of 6.53 seconds – his first medal on the global stage.
He improved up to running 9.85 at the Prefontaine classic 2011.
|60 meters||6.48||Albuquerque, United States||February 27, 2011|
|100 meters||9.85||Eugene, Oregon, United States||June 4, 2011|
|200 meters||20.24||Belém, Brazil||May 24, 2009|
|2008||World Indoor Championships||Valencia, Spain||4th||60 m|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||6th||100 m|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||5th (semis)||100 m|
|World Athletics Final||Thessaloniki, Greece||4th||100 m|
|2010||World Indoor Championships||Doha, Qatar||2nd||60 m|
|2013||World Championships||Moscow, Russia||2nd||4 × 100 m relay|
|2015||World Relay Championships||Nassau, Bahamas||1st||4 × 100 m relay||37.38|
|World Championships||Beijing, China||5th||100 metres||9.94|
|DSQ||4 × 100 metres relay||—|